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黄静案,小学英语基础知识,把握这些,高分手到擒来!,三国杀官网

2019-04-17 15:15:11 投稿作者:admin 围观人数:264 评论人数:0次


榜首部分 基础常识


1.字母:26个字母的大小写

ABCDEFGHIJK黄静案,小学英语基础常识,掌握这些,高分手到擒来!,三国杀官网LMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz

2.音标:48个音


3.词汇:词汇量,近反义词

4.语句:大小写,标点符号


第二部分 语法常识


1名词:名词单复数,名词的格


(一)名词单复数


1.一般状况,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds


2.以s. x. sh. ch结束,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches


3.以“子音黄静案,小学英语基础常识,掌握这些,高分手到擒来!,三国杀官网字母+y”结束,变y为i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries


4.以“f或fe”结束,变f或fe为v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives


5.不规矩名词复数:

man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen, mouse-mice


child-children, foot-feet, tooth-teeth, fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese


不可数名词的复数便是原型: paper, juice, water, milk, rice, tea


(二)名词的格

(1) 有生命的东西的名词一切格:

a) 奇数后加 ’s 如: Lucy’s ruler my father’s shirt

b) 以s 结束的复数名词后加 黄静案,小学英语基础常识,掌握这些,高分手到擒来!,三国杀官网’如: his friends’ bags

c) 不以s 结束的复数后加 ’s children’s shoes


并排名词中,如果把 ’s加在最终一个名词后,表明共有, 如:

Tom and Mike’s car 汤姆和迈克共有的小汽车


要表明一切物不是共有的,应分别在并排名词后加’s

Tom’s and Mike’s cars 汤姆和麦克各自的小汽张俊豪现在的状况车


(2)表明无生命东西的名词通常用“ of +名词”来表明一切联系:如:

a picture of the classroom a map of China


2冠词:不定冠词,定冠词品种


(1)不定冠词:a / an

元音最初的可数名词前用an :

an egg / an apple / an orange / an eraser amount/ an answer / an ID card / an alarm clock / an actor / an actress / an e-mail / an address / an event / an example / an黄静案,小学英语基础常识,掌握这些,高分手到擒来!,三国杀官网 opera / an houran old man / an interesting book / an e涟水气候xciting sport / an action movie / an art lesson /


(2)定冠词:the

定冠词的用法:

(1)特指某(些)人或某(些)物: The ruler is on the desk.

(2)复述上文说到的人或物:He has a sweater. The sweater is new.

(3)说话两边都知道的人或物:The boys aren’t at school.

(4)在序数词前: John’s birthday is February the second.

(5)用于固定词组中: in the morning / afternoon / evening


不必冠词的状况:

(1)专有名词前:China is a big coun红娘子try.

(2)名词前有定语:this , that , my , your , some, any , no 等:

This is my baseball.

(3)复数名词表明一类人和伦敦气候事:Monkeys can’t swim. They are teachers.

(4)在节日,日期,月份,季节前:Today is Christmas Day. It’s Sunday.

(5)一日三餐前:We have breakfast at 6:30.

(6)球类 棋类运动前:They often play football after class. He plays chess at home.

* 但乐器前要用定冠词:I play the guitar ve黄静案,小学英语基础常识,掌握这些,高分手到擒来!,三国杀官网ry well.

(7)学科称号前:My favorite su粉红色的回想bject is music.

(8)在称号或头衔的特别污的日本漫画图片名词前:This is Mr Li.

(9)固定词组中:at noon at night by bus


3代词、形容词、副词


代词:人称代词,物主代词

人称代词物主代词

主格宾格

榜首

人称奇数I(我)me my(我的)

复数we(咱们)us our(咱们的)


第二

人称奇数you(你) you your(你的)

复数you(你们)you your(你们的)


第三

人称奇数he(他)him his(他的)

she(她)her her(她的)

it(它)it its(它的)

复数they(他们/她们/它们)them their(他们的/她们的/它们的)

形容词,副江晓弘词:比较级,第一流


(一)、形容词的比较级

1、形容词比较级在语句中的运用:两个事物或人的比较用比较级,比较级后边一般带有单词than。比较级前面能够用more, a little来润饰表明程度。tonshan后的人称代词用主格(白话中可用宾格)。


2.形容词加er的规矩:

⑴ 一般在词尾加er ;

⑵ 以字母e 结束,加r ;

⑶ 以一个元音字母和一个子音字母结束,应双写结束的子音字母,再加er ;

⑷ 以“子音字母+y”结束,先把y变i,再加er 。


3.不规矩形容词比较级:

good-better共享, beautiful-more beautiful


(二)副词的比较级

1.形容词与副词的差异(有be用形,有形用be;有动用副,有副用动)

⑴在语句中形容词一般处于名词之前或be动词之后

⑵副词在语句中最常见的是处于实义动词之后


2.副词比较级的改变规矩根本与形容词比较级相同(不规矩改变:well-better, far-farther)


4数词:基数词、序数词


基数词

(1)1-20

one,two,three,four,five,six,seven,eight,nine,ten,eleven,twelve,thirteen,fourteen,fifteen, sixteen,seventeen,eighteen,nineteen,twenty


(2)21-99 先说“几十”,再说“几”,中心加连字符。

23→twenty-t7个月宝宝辅食食谱hree,34→thirty-four,45→forty—five,56→fifty-six,67→sixty-seven,78→seventy-eight,89→eighty-nine,91→ninety-one


(3)101—999先说“几百”,再加and,再加末两位数或末位数;

586→five hundred and eighty-six,803→eight hundred and three


(4)l,000以上,先从右往左数,每三位数加一个“,”,榜首个“,”前为thousand.第二个“,”前为million,第三个“,”前为billion


1,001→one thousand and one

18,423→eighteen thousand,four hundred and twenty-three

6,260,309→six million two hundred and sixty thousand three hundred and nine

750,000,000,000→seven hundred and fifty billion


序数词

(1)一般在基数词后加t伊拉克h

eg.four→fourth,thirteen→thirteenth


(2)不规矩改变

one→first,two→second,three→third,five→fifth,eight→eighth,nine→ninth,twelve—twelfth

(3)以y结束的十位整数,变y为ie再加th

twenty→twentieth, forty→fortieth, ninety→ninetieth

(4)从二十一后的“几十几”直至“几百几十几”或“几千几百几十几”只将个位的基数词变为序数词。

twenty-first,two hundred and forty-fifth


基数词转为序数词的口诀


基变序,有规矩,词尾加上-th.

一,二,三,特别记,词尾字母t,d,d.

八去t,九去e, ve要用f替。

ty将y变成i,th前面有个e.

若是碰到几十几,前用基来后用序。


5介词:常用介词:in, on, at, behind等


1.at表明时刻概念的某一个点。(在某时刻、时刻、阶段等)。

at 1:00(dawn,midnight,noon)在一点钟(拂晓、午夜、正午)


2.on

1)表明详细日期。

注:(1)关于"在周末"的几种表明法:

at(on)the weekend在周末---特指

at(on)weekends在周末-xboy--泛指

over the weekend在整个周末

during the weekend在周末期间

(2)在圣诞节,应说at Christmas?而不说on Christmas?


2)在(刚……)的时分。

On reaching the city he called up his parents.

一到城里他就给爸爸妈妈打了一个电话。


3.in

1)表明"时段"、"时期",在大都状况下能够和during交换,前者着重比照,后者着重继续。 in(during)1988(December,the 20th century)在一九八八年(十二月、二十世纪)


6动词:动词的四种时态


(1)一般现在时:

一般现在时的构成数独技巧

1. be动词:主语+be(am, is, are)+其它。如: I am a boy. 我是一个男孩。

2. 行为动词:主语+行为动词(+其它)。 如: We study English. 咱们学习英语。

当黄静案,小学英语基础常识,掌握这些,高分手到擒来!,三国杀官网主语为第三人称奇数(he, she, it)时,要在动词后加"-s"或"-es"。如:Mary likes Chines成人快播e.玛丽喜爱汉语。

动词+s的改变规矩

1.一般状况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks

2.以s. x. sh. ch. o结束,加-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes

3.以“子音字母+y”结束,变y为i, 再加-es,如:study-studies


(2)一般过去时:

动词过去式详解 动词的过去式的构成规矩有:

A、规矩动词

① 一般直接在动词的后边加ed:如 worked , learned , cleaned , visited

② 以e结束的动词直接加d:如 lived , danced , used

③ 以子音字母加y结束的动词要改y为i再加ed(此类动词较少)如 study – studied carry – carried worry – worried (留意play、stay不是子音字母加y,所以不属于此类)

④ 双写最终一个字母(此类动词较少)如 stopped

B、不规矩动词(此类词并无规矩,须熟记)小学阶段要记住以下动词的原形和过去式:sing – sang , eat – ate ,

see – saw , have – had , do – did , go – went , take – took , buy – bought , get – got , read – read ,fly – flew , am/is – was ,are – were , say – said , leave – left , swim – swam , tell – told , draw – drew , come – came , lose – lost , find – found , drink – drank , hurt – hurt , feel – felt


(3)一般将来时:

根本结构:

①be going to + do;

②will+ do. be going to = will

I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明日). = I will go swimming tomorrow.

(4)现在进行时: am,is,are+动词现在分词

动词现在分词详解 动词的ing方式的构成规矩:

① 一般的直接在后边加上ing , 如doing , going , wor黄静案,小学英语基础常识,掌握这些,高分手到擒来!,三国杀官网king , singing , eating

② 以e 结束的动词,要先去e再加ing ,如having , writing

③ 双写最终一个字母的(此类动词很少)有:running , swimming , sitting , getting


第三部分 句法


陈说句


(1)必定句:是指用必定的口气来陈说的语句,如:I’m a student. She is a doctor. He works in a hospital.


There are four fans in our classroom. He will eat lunch at 12:00. I watched TV yesterday evening.


(2)否定句:含有否定词或表明否定含义词的语句,如:I’m not a student. She is not (isn’t) a doctor.


He does not (doesn’t) work in a hospital. There are not (aren’t) four fans in our classroom.


He will not (won漫威英豪’t) eat lunch at 12:00. I did not (didn’t) watch TV yesterday evenicetng.

                

 疑问句


一般疑问句:是指问询现实的语句,此类语句必须用“yes”,或“no”来答复。


特别疑问句:以特别疑问词(what , where , who , which , when , whose , why , how等)最初引导的语句。此类语句应该问什么就答什么,不能用“yes 、no”来答复。

                   

There be句型


There be 句型与have, has的差异


1、There be 句型表明:在某地有某物(或人)


2、在there be 句型中,主语是奇数,be 动词用is ; 主语是复数,be 动词用are ; 如有几件物品,be 动词依据最*近be 动词的那个名词决议。


3、there be 句型的否定句在be 动词后加not , 一般疑问句把be 动词调到句首。


4、there be句型与have(has) 的差异:there be 表明在某地有某物(或人);have(has) 表明或人具有某物。


5、some 和any 在there be 句型中的运用:some 用于必定句, any 用于否定句或疑问句。


6、and 和or 在there be句型中的运用:and 用于必定句, or 用于否定句或疑问句。


7、针对数量发问的特别疑问句的基爱优漫本结构是:

How many + 名词复数 + are there + 介词短语?

How much + 不可数名词 + is there烧屁股3 + 介词短语?


8、针对主语发问的特别疑问句的根本结构是:

What’s + 介词短语?


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